What is invoice factoring and how does it work?

invoice factoringInvoice factoring is a valuable solution for business owners, providing immediate cash flow by selling outstanding invoices to a factor.

This eliminates the wait for customer payments and reduces administrative burdens, allowing owners to focus on core operations.

With improved cash flow, businesses can cover expenses, pay employees, and invest in growth opportunities. Invoice factoring also offers better financial planning by providing a predictable revenue stream, enabling owners to make informed decisions and seize opportunities for expansion.

Moreover, invoice factoring is an accessible and flexible financing option. It evaluates the creditworthiness of customers rather than solely relying on the owner’s credit history, making it suitable for businesses with limited credit or financial setbacks.

This financing tool grows with the business, supporting its scalability during periods of expansion or seasonal fluctuations. By leveraging invoice factoring, business owners can overcome cash flow challenges, seize growth opportunities, and focus on building a successful enterprise

What is invoice factoring?

Invoice factoring is a financial arrangement where a business sells its outstanding invoices to a third-party factor at a discounted rate. This allows the business to access immediate cash flow instead of waiting for customers to make payments.

The factor assumes the responsibility of collecting the payments from the customers. Invoice factoring helps businesses improve their cash flow, meet immediate financial obligations, and focus on core operations.

It provides a convenient alternative to traditional financing options and offers flexibility based on the volume of invoices generated. Overall, invoice factoring provides businesses with a reliable and efficient way to manage their cash flow and maintain a steady working capital.

How does factoring work?

Factoring is a financial arrangement that involves selling your accounts receivable to a factoring company.

Here’s a breakdown of how it typically works:

  • Provide goods or services: You deliver products or services to your customers as usual.
  • Issue invoices: You generate invoices for the goods or services provided, specifying the payment terms.
  • Selling the invoices: You sell the invoices to a factoring company, also known as a factor.
  • Upfront payment: The factoring company pays you a significant portion of the invoice value upfront, typically around 80-90%.
  • Collection of payments: The factoring company takes over the responsibility of collecting payments from your customers.
  • Customer payments: Your customers make payments directly to the factoring company, according to the invoice terms.
  • Final payment: Once the factoring company receives full payment from your customers, they provide you with the remaining invoice amount, after deducting their fee.

In summary, factoring allows you to receive immediate cash flow by selling your invoices to a factor. The factoring company handles the collection process, and you receive the remaining amount once the customers pay in full.

This arrangement helps improve your cash flow, eliminates the need for collections, and provides you with working capital to meet your financial obligations.

When should your company use invoice factoring?

Invoice factoring is an ideal solution for businesses that frequently face the challenge of outstanding invoices impacting their cash flow. For instance, if your company operates on 30-day payment terms and you often find yourself waiting for payment on a substantial portion of your revenue, invoice factoring can provide significant benefits.

While some debtors may pay promptly, others may require follow-up or even persistent effort to collect payment, causing delays in accessing your cash flow. With invoice factoring, you can unlock the value of those outstanding invoices, allowing you to quickly access a large portion of the revenue that would otherwise be tied up.

This immediate cash infusion can help alleviate cash flow issues and provide you with the working capital needed to meet your financial obligations.

You could use that money to:

  • Bridge short-term expenses

  • Repay a loan

  • Take advantage of seasonal business opportunities

  • Or for any reason for which cash flow might otherwise be a constraint

Advantages of invoice factoring

  • Experience improved and more predictable cash flow – With invoice factoring, you no longer have to wait for payments to come in, potentially after extensive chasing efforts. Instead, you can have the bulk of your invoices paid almost immediately, providing a steady and reliable cash flow. This allows for more accurate business planning and forecasting, and opens up opportunities that might have been unaffordable otherwise.
  • Enhance the chances of your business thriving – A healthy cash flow is crucial for the survival of any business. Many businesses fail due to cash flow issues, but with invoice factoring, you can significantly improve your chances of success. By maintaining a strong and consistent cash flow, your business becomes more resilient and better positioned to navigate challenges and seize growth opportunities.
  • Access cost-effective and hassle-free funding – Invoice factoring proves to be a cheaper and more accessible funding option compared to traditional bank loans. It provides short-term funding to meet your immediate needs, and the process is generally simpler and faster. Additionally, by outsourcing debt management to the factoring company, you can reduce your business overheads. The associated fees of invoice factoring are often lower than the cost of maintaining dedicated credit control staff, resulting in potential savings for your business.
  • Streamline your business operations and boost morale – Implementing invoice factoring services can lead to reduced business overheads. Without the need to handle collections internally, you can allocate resources more efficiently and streamline your operations. Furthermore, your accounts department will experience a morale boost, as the stress and burden of chasing payments are alleviated. Employees can focus on more productive tasks, improving overall efficiency and job satisfaction.

Disadvantages of factoring

  • Not suitable for businesses with few customers – Businesses with a limited number of main customers may find invoice factoring less suitable. Factoring companies prefer a diversified risk portfolio and typically avoid a high concentration of invoices from just a few customers.
  • Requires a significant commitment – While selective factoring is an option for a small number of invoices, most factoring companies prefer to handle the majority of your accounts receivable. They may also require a long-term contract, often lasting two years or more. This commitment is necessary from their perspective but requires careful consideration as it is a major business decision.
  • Cost implications for higher-risk customers – Factoring companies carefully assess the credit risk associated with your customers, and their fees reflect this assessment. If you or your customers are perceived as high risk, the fees charged by the factoring company will likely be higher.
  • Potential additional costs and impact on customer relationships – In cases where clients’ payment behavior differs from expectations, additional costs may arise. If a customer fails to pay, you may be required to repay the amount the factoring company has already advanced, unless you opt for non-recourse factoring at an additional cost. It’s important to remember that factoring companies operate to make a profit and may not assume responsibility for bad debts without appropriate arrangements. Moreover, when factoring invoices and credit control is handed over to the factoring company, there is a potential risk to customer relationships. If the debt collection process is handled in a cold or aggressive manner, it may negatively impact your relationships with customers, potentially deterring future business opportunities and raising concerns about your business’s financial health.


Accounts receivable

Accounts receivable refers to the money owed to a business by its customers for goods or services provided. It represents the outstanding payments that the business expects to receive within a specified time frame.

Accounts receivable factoring

Accounts receivable factoring, also known as invoice factoring, is a type of invoice finance where a business sells some or all of its outstanding invoices to a third party. This helps improve cash flow and revenue stability by receiving immediate funds against the value of the invoices.

Approval period

The approval period refers to the expected time frame within which invoices are anticipated to be paid. Any debts that exceed this period may be returned to the business for further action.

Cash flow

Cash flow measures the inflow and outflow of funds in a business over a specific period. Positive cash flow indicates that the business is receiving more money than it is spending, while negative cash flow suggests the opposite. While positive cash flow is desirable, excessively high cash flow may indicate insufficient investment in business growth.

CHOCC factoring

CHOCC factoring stands for “Client Handles Own Credit Control” and is a type of invoice factoring where the business retains the responsibility for chasing payment for the factored invoices, rather than the factoring company handling the collection process.

Confidential factoring

Confidential factoring is a type of invoice factoring where the factoring company ensures that the business’s customers are unaware of their involvement in the financing arrangement.

Credit control

Credit control refers to the measures taken to ensure that customers pay their outstanding debts. It encompasses activities such as sending payment reminders before and after the due date, and is often used interchangeably with terms like accounts receivable, debtor management, and debtor tracking.

Debt factoring

Debt factoring is another term for invoice factoring, where a business sells its outstanding invoices to a third party to improve cash flow and revenue stability.


Disbursements are additional fees charged by the factoring company for administrative tasks, credit checks, and other related services.

Disclosed factoring

Disclosed factoring is the typical form of invoice factoring where the business’s customers are aware of the factoring arrangement.

Invoice finance

Invoice finance encompasses various methods of leveraging outstanding invoices to access immediate funds from a third party. It involves receiving an upfront percentage of the invoice value in exchange for a fee, with the third party being repaid when the invoice is collected.

Non-recourse factoring

Non-recourse factoring is a type of invoice factoring where the factoring company does not charge the business for bad debts. However, fees for non-recourse factoring are typically higher compared to recourse factoring.

Payment terms

Payment terms refer to the agreed-upon timeframe in which a customer is expected to pay the business after receiving an invoice. Common payment terms include 30 days, 60 days, or 90 days.

Recourse factoring

Recourse factoring is a type of invoice factoring where the factoring company has the right to charge back bad debts to the business if the customer fails to pay.

Selective factoring

Selective factoring involves factoring individual or small bundles of invoices, as opposed to a large number or the entire sales ledger.

Spot factoring

Spot factoring is similar to selective factoring, where specific invoices or small batches of invoices are factored instead of the entire sales ledger.


In conclusion, invoice factoring offers valuable advantages to business owners who engage in transactions with other businesses. It provides improved cash flow, eliminates the hassle of credit control, and offers an easier and faster funding option compared to traditional bank loans.

By leveraging invoice factoring, business owners can enhance their financial stability, focus on core operations, and seize growth opportunities. If you’re ready to experience these benefits and take your business to the next level, complete our online enquiry form today.

Our team is ready to provide you with a personalized quotation and guide you through the process of invoice factoring. Don’t miss out on the opportunity to optimize your cash flow and drive your business forward.

Lee Jones Profile
Business Finance Expert at Business Insolvency Helpline

Lee Jones is a seasoned expert in the field of business finance with over two decades of experience. With a keen understanding of financial markets and a passion for helping businesses thrive, Lee has become a trusted advisor to countless companies across the United Kingdom.