How To Refinance Your Debt


What is debt refinance?Refinancing your debt can be a strategic lifeline for businesses navigating distress. When faced with financial challenges, such as declining revenue or mounting liabilities, opting for debt refinancing can provide a much-needed opportunity to restructure and alleviate immediate burdens.

This involves negotiating with creditors or lenders to modify the terms of existing debt, such as interest rates, repayment schedules, and collateral requirements.

By securing more favorable terms through refinancing, distressed businesses can improve their cash flow, reduce the risk of default, and gain some breathing room to implement a comprehensive recovery plan.

However, it’s crucial for businesses to approach this process with careful consideration, seeking expert financial advice to ensure that the chosen refinancing options align with their long-term goals and viability

What is debt refinance?

Debt refinancing in business refers to the process of restructuring existing debt obligations to secure better terms and conditions. This financial strategy involves replacing an old debt agreement with a new one, often with more favorable interest rates, repayment schedules, or other terms that can ultimately lead to reduced financial strain.

Individuals, businesses, and even governments can opt for debt refinancing to lower their overall borrowing costs, improve cash flow, or manage financial challenges. This can be done by negotiating with current creditors or seeking new lenders willing to provide better terms.

While debt refinancing can offer significant benefits, it’s essential to carefully analyze the costs, potential savings, and long-term implications before making any decisions to ensure that it aligns with the individual or entity’s financial goals.

How does business debt refinance work?

Refinancing business debt operates much like standard borrowing procedures. If you’re the borrower, your focus shifts towards repaying an existing debt rather than acquiring new funds for purposes like acquisitions. This can come into play when your current lender might not extend more credit, prompting you to secure a larger loan that settles your existing debt and leaves you with fresh capital to utilize according to your needs.

Similar to exploring any financial option, you’d evaluate the available products. This could involve switching one invoice facility for another or transferring a loan from one provider to another who offers a more favorable interest rate, thus decreasing your total repayment burden. Depending on your cash flow situation, your priority might be less about securing better interest rates and more about extending the loan term for reduced periodic payments.

Just like with any financial arrangement, you would formally apply to the lender, undergo necessary due diligence pertinent to the type, amount, and nature of your sought-after financing. After this process, the lender will present an official offer. Upon acceptance of the offer, the lender will establish the refinancing facility, completing the transaction.

Who is debt refinancing for?

Debt refinancing serves as an option available to both individuals and businesses, meriting periodic consideration when assessing existing borrowings. Just like any competitive market, financial institutions vie with each other and introduce fresh offerings. Thus, it’s prudent to periodically evaluate if a more advantageous arrangement, such as reduced interest rates, is accessible.

Consider this scenario: you’re utilizing an invoice finance facility that provides upfront payments of 40% of your invoiced amount while imposing a 10% commission. Upon investigation, you might come across an alternative provider extending the same 40% advance, yet at an 8% commission—leading to a 2% per transaction saving. Conversely, there could be a provider offering 75% of your invoice value, albeit with a 10% commission. Although the commission is higher, the upfront cash infusion could significantly benefit your cash flow.

When exploring the path of refinancing, it’s wise to weigh the potential administrative costs of securing a new facility against the ultimate gains, particularly if the potential savings are relatively modest.

When should I refinance my debt?

Regularly evaluating your financial arrangements is a prudent practice, especially as part of an overarching effort to maintain healthy cash flow. Essential considerations involve assessing the availability of improved terms, extended repayment periods, adjusted repayment amounts, and more favorable interest rates, as well as the potential pursuit of a more fitting financial facility.

In instances where the gains might be modest, it’s wise to contemplate the value of your existing rapport with the lender. If you’ve had a long-standing facility, a strong working relationship might be in place, potentially unmatched by a new provider in terms of customer service. There’s also the possibility that your current lender would strive to match or enhance a competing proposal, aiming to retain your business and relationship.

Beside scheduled reviews, shifts in your cash flow can trigger such considerations. If cash flow tightens, opting for extended borrowing periods with reduced repayment installments, while potentially carrying higher overall costs, might alleviate immediate financial strain.

Alternatively, changes in your current lender’s management or staffing could diminish customer service quality, prompting a switch to a new provider. Moreover, businesses often collaborate with preferred intermediaries like asset finance brokers who recommend improved finance products from time to time.

In scenarios where bridging loans are utilised, notably in real estate, it’s common to refinance these facilities upon completing renovation projects and similar endeavour’s, transitioning to more conventional mortgage loans.

How do I know if it makes sense to refinance?

The decision to pursue debt refinancing hinges on your specific objectives. If your aim is to minimize interest payments and facility fees, opting for periodic refinancing—after accounting for termination or exit fees—could potentially lead to reduced overall costs. However, if you prioritize service quality and have established relationships with your lender, refinancing might not be suitable without compelling reasons.

Refinancing becomes crucial when grappling with cash flow challenges, as it can alleviate immediate financial strain and prevent potential defaults across creditors, thereby averting insolvency risks. In distressed scenarios, an Insolvency Practitioner might recommend refinancing as part of a broader cost-cutting strategy.

For individuals, the motivation to refinance often arises when more favorable mortgage rates emerge in the market. Unsecured lending can also prompt refinancing; individuals commonly leverage credit card balance transfers and interest-free periods to minimize their interest payments.

What is the process of refinancing debt?

The process of debt refinancing involves seeking a fresh lending arrangement, whether it’s within the same category, like transitioning from one loan to another, or switching between different types of credit, such as mortgages, credit cards, secured loans, invoice finance facilities, and overdrafts, among others.

Initiating this process begins with pinpointing the desired benefit—whether it’s reduced interest rates, extended repayment terms, or enhanced customer service. The subsequent step involves researching the market to identify available products. For individuals, mortgage brokers can analyze mortgage options, while companies often engage asset finance brokers to explore and secure facilities. Alternatively, this research can be conducted in-house by individuals or businesses.

Utilizing a broker is particularly advantageous for urgent refinancing needs, given their direct access to a range of products—although it’s worth noting that not all brokers have access to the entire market, as they often collaborate with select partners, which could limit your options.

Brokers are well-versed in lender criteria and can help filter out unsuitable options based on your circumstances. Some lenders are open to engaging with distressed companies as part of a turnaround strategy, even if insolvency looms, while others exercise caution and may withhold lending despite solid commercial reasoning.

Once the appropriate facility is identified, the standard lending process ensues. The lender conducts due diligence, formalizes their offer and associated terms, leading to agreement and the establishment of the new facility.

What is the difference between debt refinancing and debt restructuring?

Debt refinancing and debt restructuring are both financial strategies aimed at improving the terms of existing debt, but they differ in their scope and approaches. Debt refinancing involves replacing an existing debt with a new one that offers better terms, such as lower interest rates or extended repayment periods.

It’s akin to obtaining a new loan to settle an old one. On the other hand, debt restructuring is a broader process that involves renegotiating the terms of existing debt to alleviate financial distress. This can include modifying interest rates, reducing the principal amount, or changing repayment schedules. Debt restructuring is often pursued when a borrower is facing difficulties in meeting their debt obligations and requires more substantial changes to their financial arrangement.

While refinancing focuses on securing more favorable terms, debt restructuring addresses deeper financial challenges by altering the structure of the debt itself

Does refinancing harm your credit rating?

No, refinancing typically does not harm your credit rating. When you opt for debt refinancing, such as refinancing a mortgage or a loan, it involves obtaining a new loan to pay off an existing one, which doesn’t inherently damage your credit score. However, there are some considerations to keep in mind.

Applying for refinancing might result in a hard inquiry on your credit report, which could have a minor and temporary impact on your credit score. Additionally, consistently opening new credit lines or frequently refinancing might signal financial instability to potential lenders, potentially affecting your creditworthiness over time.

Overall, responsible refinancing with a clear purpose and a focus on managing your credit responsibly is unlikely to have a detrimental effect on your credit rating.

How much does it cost to refinance?

The impact of refinancing on your finances will be contingent on your individual circumstances. Exiting any financial arrangement often involves settling exit or termination fees, alongside potential administration charges from the new lender to establish the new facility.

Moreover, the effort and time invested in pursuing refinancing should be taken into account, as these resources could otherwise be allocated elsewhere in your personal life or business endeavors.

Engaging a broker might offer a cost-efficient route. Often, brokers are compensated by the lender based on an agreed rate for the facility, usually without direct charges to you. Yet, be aware that certain brokers might impose fees for their services.

The specific costs involved will naturally differ from case to case, underscoring the importance of a comprehensive consideration of these factors.

For individuals facing overwhelming personal debts, we can provide expert guidance on potential courses of action:

  • Maintaining the current situation
  • Enrolling in a debt management plan
  • Pursuing an informal arrangement
  • Negotiating a time-to-pay agreement with HMRC
  • Exploring an Individual Voluntary Arrangement (“IVA”)
  • Considering a debt relief order
  • Initiating the process for personal bankruptcy


In the realm of financial management, the practice of refinancing debt emerges as a versatile tool that warrants thoughtful consideration. By reassessing and renegotiating the terms of existing debt, individuals and businesses can potentially unlock various benefits.

Whether the aim is to secure lower interest rates, extend repayment periods, or enhance overall financial health, the process offers valuable potential. It’s essential to recognize the distinction between debt refinancing and debt restructuring, each catering to specific financial objectives.

While refinancing introduces the possibility of securing improved terms without inherently harming your credit score, debt restructuring addresses deeper financial challenges. Engaging in these processes might involve costs, ranging from exit fees to broker fees, and should be evaluated alongside potential benefits.

To navigate these decisions effectively, seeking professional guidance can prove beneficial. If you’re seeking to optimise your financial standing through debt refinancing, our team is here to assist. Take a proactive step towards financial empowerment by making an online enquiry today.

Lee Jones Profile
Business Finance Expert at Business Insolvency Helpline

Lee Jones is a seasoned expert in the field of business finance with over two decades of experience. With a keen understanding of financial markets and a passion for helping businesses thrive, Lee has become a trusted advisor to countless companies across the United Kingdom.