Ways to reduce your business debt

How to reduce debt in businessReducing business debt is a crucial step towards achieving financial stability and growth. High levels of debt can impede a company’s ability to invest in new projects, expand its operations, and ultimately, affect its profitability.

To reduce business debt, companies can employ various strategies, such as prioritising payments towards high-interest debt, negotiating with creditors to lower interest rates or payment terms, and exploring refinancing options.

Companies can implement cost-cutting measures, such as reducing overhead expenses or renegotiating contracts with suppliers. By reducing debt, companies can improve their creditworthiness, increase their financial flexibility, and position themselves for long-term success.

How can the company reduce long term debt

Reducing long-term debt is an important aspect of financial management for companies. One strategy is to make early payments on the principal of the outstanding loan amount, which can help reduce the overall interest costs. Another approach is to refinance the long-term debt at a lower interest rate.

This can be achieved by negotiating better terms with lenders, such as extending the loan maturity date or finding new lenders who offer lower interest rates.

Additionally, companies can consider selling assets or issuing equity to pay down long-term debt. This approach can reduce the amount of interest paid over the life of the loan, improve the company’s financial position, and enhance its creditworthiness.

By carefully managing long-term debt, companies can increase their financial flexibility, better manage cash flows, and position themselves for long-term success.

1. Consolidate or refinance your loans

Consolidating or refinancing assets or loans can be an effective way to reduce your business debt. Consolidating involves combining multiple debts into one loan with a lower interest rate, which can make your monthly payments more manageable.

Refinancing, on the other hand, involves taking out a new loan to pay off your existing debt, ideally at a lower interest rate. This can help you save money on interest charges and reduce your overall debt load.

Additionally, consolidating or refinancing can simplify your debt management by reducing the number of payments you have to make each month. Before pursuing either option, it’s important to weigh the potential benefits against any associated fees or costs, and to consider whether the new loan terms align with your financial goals and timeline.

2. Cut costs by implementing a zero budget

Implementing a zero-based budget can be an effective strategy for reducing business debt by cutting costs. A zero-based budget involves starting from scratch each month and allocating funds based on the most important expenses first, rather than basing the budget on the previous month’s spending.

Expenses and prioritising needs over wants, you can identify areas where costs can be cut without sacrificing the quality of your products or services. This could include renegotiating contracts with vendors, reducing unnecessary expenses like travel or entertainment, or finding more cost-effective solutions for supplies or equipment.

A zero-based budget also encourages regular monitoring of expenses and can help you stay on track with debt reduction goals. It’s important to be realistic when creating the budget and to allocate enough funds for necessary expenses to ensure the business continues to operate effectively.

3. Improve cashflow

Depending on your business, there may be several strategies you can use to improve your cash position. One option is to negotiate better payment terms with customers, such as requiring partial payment upfront or shortening payment deadlines.

This can help improve your cash flow and reduce the time it takes to receive payment for your goods or services. Another strategy is to reduce inventory levels and improve inventory management to free up cash that may be tied up in excess stock.

One option maybe is that you could consider selling underutilised assets or equipment to generate cash, or explore alternative financing options such as invoice factoring or lines of credit. Ultimately, the best strategy for improving your cash position will depend on the specific needs and circumstances of your business.

By analysing your current financial situation and identifying areas for improvement, you can develop a plan to optimise your cash flow and reduce the need for additional debt.

Here are some straightforward measures that you can implement to help reduce your business debt:

  • Enhancing your process for following up with debtors, including implementing strategies for dealing with late payments.
  • Establishing payment terms in advance with your customers to avoid any confusion or delays in payment.
  • Opting to rent instead of purchase equipment or vehicles to reduce the upfront costs and ongoing maintenance expenses.
  • Selling and leasing back assets, such as machinery, equipment, computers, phone systems, and even your business premises, which can provide an infusion of cash and reduce ongoing costs.
  • The Finance and Leasing Association can connect you with companies that offer this type of financing. By adopting these measures, you can take proactive steps to reduce your business debt and improve your financial position.

4. Seek out grants and support

If you’re a business owner in the UK struggling with debt, there are several grant and support options available to you. The UK government offers various funding schemes and programmes to support businesses, including those struggling with debt.

These schemes include the Coronavirus Business Interruption Loan Scheme (CBILS) and the Bounce Back Loan Scheme (BBLS), which provide low-interest loans to businesses affected by the pandemic.

The Small Business Grant Fund (SBGF) and the Retail, Hospitality and Leisure Grant Fund (RHLGF) provide grants of up to £25,000 to eligible businesses.

There are also various non-governmental organizations and charities that offer grants and financial support to UK businesses, such as The Prince’s Trust and the Federation of Small Businesses. By exploring these options and taking advantage of available support, you can reduce your debt burden and position your business for long-term success in the UK.

Read more: What can you do if your business is in debt?

5. Seek equity finance

One way of reducing your debt is to raise money by selling a share of your business to existing or new investors. This can be an effective way to inject much-needed cash into your business without incurring additional debt. Selling shares allows investors to own a portion of the business and share in its profits, while also providing you with the funds you need to pay off debt or invest in growth opportunities. There are several types of investors you may consider, including venture capitalists, angel investors, or existing shareholders.

It’s important to carefully evaluate the terms of any investment offer and to ensure that the deal aligns with your long-term goals and values. Additionally, selling shares can dilute your ownership stake in the business and may involve giving up some control over decision-making processes.

Overall, selling shares can be a viable option for reducing debt, but it’s important to weigh the potential benefits and drawbacks and to work with experienced advisors to ensure a successful outcome.

6. Increase sales

Increasing sales can be an effective way to improve cash flow in the medium term, as it brings in more revenue and allows you to pay off debt or invest in the business. However, it’s important to consider the short-term implications of increasing sales, as you may need more working capital to produce the goods or services you’ll sell.

This may involve increasing inventory levels, hiring additional staff, or investing in new equipment or technology. These expenses can put a strain on your cash flow in the short term, but may ultimately pay off in the form of increased sales and revenue.

To manage these short-term cash flow challenges, you may need to explore financing options such as short-term loans or lines of credit. It’s also important to carefully plan and monitor your cash flow and to ensure that any investments in the business are likely to generate a positive return in the long run.

Overall, increasing sales can be a powerful way to improve cash flow and reduce debt, but it’s important to carefully consider the implications and plan accordingly to ensure success.

7. Restructure

If your business is struggling with debt and is unable to trade its way out or secure additional finance due to its limited financial performance, it may be time to consider using an insolvency process to restructure the business debt. Insolvency processes such as administration or Company Voluntary Arrangements (CVAs) can provide a structured and legally binding mechanism to restructure and reduce debt. These processes may involve negotiating with creditors to reduce debt or extend payment terms, selling assets to generate cash, or even restructuring the entire business.

While an insolvency process may be a difficult decision to make, it can provide a way for the business to continue operating while reducing its debt burden and improving its financial performance. However, it’s important to seek professional advice and to carefully evaluate the implications of any insolvency process, as it can have significant legal and financial consequences. Overall, using an insolvency process to restructure a struggling business can be a viable option for reducing debt and improving financial performance, but it requires careful planning and execution to ensure success.

Learn more about the different types of insolvency process.

Frequently asked question

How can a company reduce its debt?

A company can reduce its debt by implementing cost-cutting measures, refinancing or consolidating loans, raising capital through selling shares or assets, increasing sales, or restructuring through an insolvency process.

What are 5 ways the debt can be reduced?

Debt can be reduced through implementing cost-cutting measures, refinancing or consolidating loans, raising capital through selling shares or assets, increasing sales, or restructuring through an insolvency process.


Reducing debt in business can be a challenging and complex process, but there are several strategies that can help. One approach is to implement cost-cutting measures such as reducing overhead expenses, renegotiating contracts with suppliers, or cutting back on non-essential spending. Another strategy is to refinance or consolidate loans to reduce interest rates and streamline debt repayment. Raising capital through selling shares or assets can also provide an infusion of cash to pay off debt or invest in the business.

Increasing sales can be a powerful way to generate revenue and pay off debt, but may require additional working capital in the short term. Finally, if these measures are not enough, restructuring through an insolvency process may be necessary to reduce debt and improve financial performance. Whatever approach a business takes, it’s important to carefully evaluate the implications and to seek professional advice to ensure success.

Steve Jones Profile
Insolvency & Restructuring Expert at Business Insolvency Helpline

With over three decades of experience in the business and turnaround sector, Steve Jones is one of the founders of Business Insolvency Helpline. With specialist knowledge of Insolvency, Liquidations, Administration, Pre-packs, CVA, MVL, Restructuring Advice and Company investment.