How to start a CVA

initiate a Company Voluntary ArrangementAre you a business owner facing financial challenges and struggling to meet your obligations? It may be time to consider a Company Voluntary Arrangement (CVA) as a lifeline for your business.

A CVA in business is a formal agreement between a company and its creditors that offers a realistic repayment plan while allowing the business to continue its operations.

It will allow the breathing space and support needed to restructure your debts, regain control of your finances, and ultimately steer your company back on the path to profitability.

In this introduction, we will explore the benefits of embarking on a restructuring journey, the process involved, and how it can provide a viable solution to rescue your business from financial turmoil.

The process to get starting involves a number of stages. The installation process typically takes six to twelve weeks. If you think a CVA might be the answer to your company’s financial problems, here are the stages that are involved in applying:

Decide if a CVA is right for your Company

Deciding whether a Company Voluntary Arrangement is the right solution for your company requires careful consideration of various factors.

Firstly, you need to assess the severity of your financial difficulties and determine if they are temporary or long-term. This type of restructuring tool is most suitable for businesses experiencing temporary cash flow problems or a high level of debt that can be managed with a restructuring plan. If your financial challenges are insurmountable or your business model is fundamentally flawed, alternative options such as liquidation or administration might be more appropriate.

Secondly, evaluating your company’s ability to generate sufficient cash flow to meet the proposed repayment plan is crucial. A CVA typically involves renegotiating and reducing debt repayments over an extended period. It requires a realistic assessment of your company’s future profitability, market conditions, and ability to implement necessary cost-cutting measures.

If you believe your business has the potential to recover and regain profitability in the long term, it can provide a valuable opportunity to restructure your debts and avoid the more drastic consequences of insolvency.

Appoint an Insolvency Practitioner

To initiate the CVA process for your business, it is essential to appoint an experienced and qualified insolvency practitioner. An insolvency practitioner is a licensed professional who specializes in providing expert advice and guidance in financial distress situations. Their role in starting a voluntary arrangement for your company involves conducting a thorough assessment of your businesses financial position, negotiating with creditors, and formulating a viable repayment plan.

By appointing an insolvency practitioner, you can benefit from their extensive knowledge of insolvency laws and regulations, as well as their expertise in navigating complex financial situations. They will guide you through the entire process, ensuring compliance with legal requirements and maximising the chances of a successful outcome.

Collaborating with an insolvency practitioner is a crucial step in starting a CVA, as their expertise and support can significantly increase the likelihood of reaching a favourable agreement with creditors and securing the future viability of your business.

For a period of 28 days, the corporation may request an interim order to shield it from creditors. This will allow time for the arrangement to be drafted and negotiated with creditors.

CVA Proposal Drafted

The IP will develop the proposal once all the essential financial data regarding the company has been acquired. This gives an overview of the company’s projected cash flows and present trading position.

The plan will also contain a declaration outlining the amount and timing of repayments to creditors by the limited company. Additionally, a comparison will be made to what the creditors may stand to gain if the business was liquidated.

The plan must be approved by the directors after it is developed. All known creditors and other interested parties are then sent a copy. Then, creditors typically have 21 days to analyse it.

How is a CVA Agreed?

A meeting of creditors is conducted after 21 days. The acceptance of the Arrangement will be put to a vote by the creditors at this meeting. They can email the IP a written confirmation of their vote before the meeting or show up in person.

75% of the value of the creditors who opt to vote must approve for the Arrangement to be approved. It could be accepted with or without changes. whether there are changes, the IP will check with the Directors to see whether they agree before proceeding. Once authorised, the provisions of the arrangement are binding on all included creditors, regardless of how they voted.

Typically, a corporate director or directors will be present in person at the creditors meeting. The meeting’s chair will be th

Maintaining the Terms and paying the CVA

The business has a duty to continue making the agreed-upon payments to creditors once the CVA has been approved. In order for the company to honour these responsibilities, the directors must make sure that it is administered effectively.

All outstanding debts will be forgiven after the Agreement is through, provided that payments are kept up. The company can then carry on with no debt. However, the agreement could fall through if the payments are not made.

To guarantee that the arrangement is effective, the Directors ought to think about how fresh perspectives and vigour may be injected into the business. This does not imply that management must change immediately. However, it makes sense to at the very least take into account hiring non-executive directors or outside business experts.

Frequently asked questions

How do I set up a CVA?

To set up a CVA you need to decide if a CVA is right for your Company. Before the decision to start a Voluntary Arrangement can be taken the directors must review company's financial position. Appoint an Insolvency Practitioner. CVA Proposal Drafted. How is a CVA Agreed? Maintaining the Terms and paying the CVA.

How long does it take to set up a CVA?

The time it takes to set up a CVA is usually about one month will pass between when you appoint the insolvency practitioner to produce the CVA and when it is posted to creditors. After that, about 3 weeks later the creditors' meeting should be held. So altogether the process tends to take about 6-8 weeks to complete on average.

Who can initiate a CVA?

A director is required to initiate a CVA on behalf of the company. If a company is in receivership , administration or liquidation, the administrator or liquidator also has the power to initiate the process. A CVA can only be proposed if a company is insolvent.


In conclusion, setting up a Company Voluntary Arrangement for a limited company can be a lifeline in challenging financial circumstances. It offers a structured approach to debt restructuring, allowing businesses to address their financial difficulties while continuing their operations.

By carefully considering the suitability of a CVA for your company, assessing the severity of your financial challenges, and evaluating your ability to generate sustainable cash flow, you can make an informed decision. Additionally, appointing an experienced insolvency practitioner to guide you through the process is crucial for maximising the chances of success.

The process provides an opportunity to regain control of your company’s financial situation, negotiate with creditors, and ultimately work towards a more stable and prosperous future.

With proper planning, support, and a commitment to implementing necessary changes, it can pave the way for your limited company’s recovery and long-term sustainability.

If your businesses is in need of a CVA and you are looking on how to get one started simply complete the online enquiry form.

Insolvency & Restructuring Expert at Business Insolvency Helpline | + posts

With over three decades of experience in the business and turnaround sector, Steve Jones is one of the founders of Business Insolvency Helpline. With specialist knowledge of Insolvency, Liquidations, Administration, Pre-packs, CVA, MVL, Restructuring Advice and Company investment.